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  • 葛布(

    くずふ

    Kudzu-fu

くずふ

Kudzu-fu

葛布 静岡県

野趣味の中にきらめく糸の輝き。
古の貴人に愛された、自然と共生する古代布。

葛布(くずふ、かっぷ)は蔦性のマメ科の植物「葛」から作られる自然布の一つで、その歴史の古さから、芭蕉布、科布(しなふ)と共に日本三大原始布とも呼ばれています。
葛は、葛餅や葛根湯など食用の用途として知られていますが、繁殖力が強く繊維も強靭であることから、麻や綿が大陸から入ってくる以前の日本では、身近な植物である葛から布が作られていたと考えられています。やがて、葛の繊維特有の美しい光沢感を活かし、貴族の装束や武士の裃として身分の高い人々の装いに用いられるようになりました。
静岡県を南北に流れる大井川沿いは鎌倉時代から続く葛布の名産地で、「千年の歴史を途絶えさせない」という思いで、新たな葛布の魅力を世界へ向けて発信しています。
伐採した蔓を茹でた後、室で発酵させ固い外皮を溶かして繊維を採る等、その独特の製法も興味深く、自然の力を生かし自然と共生する布づくりの在り方に、今再び注目が集まっています。


Kudzu-fu
Shizuoka

Kudzu-fu, also called Kappu,  is a natural textile made from the vine-like kudzu plant. Due to its ancient history, it is often referred to as one of Japan's three major primitive fabrics along with bashōfu (banana fiber cloth) and shinafu (linden fiber cloth). 

Kudzu is now more widley  known for its culinary uses, particularly in sweet treats such as kuzumochi and a herbal remedy called kakkonto. Despite this, it has a long history as a wearable textile. Kuzu grows extremely quickly, and produces strong fibers which can be made into durable cloth. It is beleived that it has been worn in Japan long before cotton and linen were introduced. Its unique luster was deemed valuable, resulting in it becoming worn by nobility and samurai, and therefore a symbol of high-ranking individuals.

Along the Oi River, in the Shizuoka Prefecture lies an area known for kuzu production, a tradition dating back over one thousand years. With the intention of preserving this history, efforts are being made to showcase kuzu to the world. The unique manufacturing process is also intriguing, and involves boiling harvested vines, fermenting them in a chamber, and dissolving the tough outer skin to extract the fibers. This distinctive approach to textile production, harnessing the power of nature, is drawing renewed attention.

Textiles crafted from natural fibers such as kudzu are typically reserved for casual wear, and are deemed suitable primarily for summer within the contemporary kimono canon. Due to its course texture, kudzu-fu is predominantly favored for use in obi as opposed to kimono. Therefore, kudzu-fu is mainly used in casual summer obi.